Two recent graduates from our research lab, Dr. Dan Tao and Dr. Guangji Yuan, were selected to receive the 2019-20 Presidential Distinguished Doctoral Dissertation Award from the University at Albany, SUNY.
Dan Tao’s dissertation: Reflective Structuration of Knowledge Building Practices in Grade 5 Science Classrooms (defended in April 2019). Committee members: Drs. Jianwei Zhang (chair), David Dai, and Reza Feyzi Behnagh.
Guangji Yuan’s dissertation: Cross Community Collaboration among Knowledge Building Communities (defended in May 2019). Committee members: Drs. Jianwei Zhang (chair), Alex Kumi-Yeboah, and Reza Feyzi Behnagh.
The COVID 19 pandemic has caused profound disruptions to societies and nations across the world. Mandatory social distancing has led to the closure of schools at an unprecedented scale. All of a sudden, students are sent home, teachers have to work from home, and school buildings are closed. Educators at all levels are challenged to rapidly adopt remote educational solutions to keep students engaged and support their learning at home.
How can K-12 educators support their students’ learning at home in this challenging time? I share a few thinking points for educators to consider as they develop their approaches and refine over a period of time, which I pray will not be too long.
As a rule of thump, in the time of social distancing, students and educators need social closeness and connection more so than ever. Our foremost concern should be placed on creating distributed learning communities that connect all students as well as their families and local communities. This goal rises above all the specific efforts to deliver remote instruction and keep students on track with their schoolwork.
To create and support distributed learning communities, educators can use the rich set of technology tools and resources that are available for building connections and supporting socially connected learning. But keep in mind that technology is not the centerpiece for community building, as humans are. It’s all about what we do, what/how we say, and how we relate to one another in the real context that gives us a shared experience. Teachers can work creatively to work across the distance to build a connected learning community by attending to the following key elements.
Develop a spirit of care, trust, and connectedness. This can be nurtured through the teacher’s communication and students’ mutual sharing on an ongoing basis. Teachers’ messages should not only be about giving instructions to schoolwork and assignments. Instead they can make their messages more personal by sharing their own stories, feelings, and fun memories or photos from the classroom, with words of encouragement to express their love, care, and willingness to support. Video interaction platforms, such as Flipgrid, can used to create personal presence and connections.
Develop shared and transparent expectations. A learning community forms with a shared focus on learning and growing together. In the current situation of pandemic, educators need to be mindful about what learning expectations are realistic, given the resources and tools that the different students may have access to. Teachers may set different levels of expectations, including the minimal level of learning to be continued and implemented across board, and the additional learning activities that students may strive for if they can. Students can be informed and eased with clear guidelines about what work they will produce, submitted where, when. Make the expectations clear upfront, and give plenty of opportunities for students to ask questions and provide their voice. The expectations should be flexible as possible. Offer encouragement and tools for students to manage their own learning and connect with peers.
Create opportunities for students to connect, share and contribute. Teachers can incorporate student sharing and interactions in their courses and classes. They can use tools such as Padlet or Flipgrid, which are great options for younger students, or create Group Forum in Google Classrooms. Our research team created a visual collaboration platform called the Idea Thread Mapper (ITM), freely availably to schools (https://idea-thread.net). This system is current used by our collaborating classrooms to conduct student-driven collaborative inquiry from home. Beyond organizing online discussions as part of the course work, I encourage teachers to design other creative activities for students to collaborate and share. We can think creatively to turn the pandemic into opportunities of authentic learning, inquiry, and civic engagement. Students may conduct interdisciplinary inquiry to investigate scientific and social issues related to the COVID 19 pandemic using authentic data and visualization tools. They can also take on civic actions to understand the challenges people face in their local communities and come up with ideas and actions to help in responsible ways. They can use Padlet or Flipgrid to create multimedia thank-you notes to express their gratitude to doctors, nurses and other society members who are working hard to serve and protect their communities.
Engage parents, caregivers, and possibly other community members as part of the distributed learning community. Let parents know your expectations, and advice on how they may support their child’s learning.
Pay attention to issues of equity and inclusiveness: Not all families have high speed Internet. Not all parents are available and capable to support students’ learning at home. Students with various special needs particularly need support. Schools and educators need to be sensitive to such gaps and needs, and make the best commitment possible to supporting all learners.
Finally, educators can benefit from building connections with their peers to share what they do, talk about how they do it, and why, supporting one another in this special time. When our daily school routines have to be put on pause, we may take the opportunity to reflect on our core values and priorities of education, and think outside the box to envision new possibilities and models of learning and teaching.
Our collaborating teachers from Guilderland Elementary School delivered a professional development workshop to share their knowledge-building inquiry in science with teachers and school leaders in the Greater Capital Region of New York State. The workshop was hosted by at the Teacher Center in Albany on February 7, 2019. The Guilderland teacher team has been collaborating with our research team since 2013 to restructure their Grade 5 science program using a Knowledge Building approach with Knowledge Forum and Idea Thread Mapper (ITM). At this workshop, they shared their innovative work to approach the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS) through inquiry with the technology support.
A Journal of Learning Sciences (JLS) Webinar was held to discuss our new JLS article: Co-Organizing the Collective Journey of Inquiry with Idea Thread Mapper. Four leading learning scientists offered valuable insights and comments. Dr. Katherine Bielaczyc (Clark University), Dr. Carol Chan (University of Hong Kong), Dr. Keith Sawyer (University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill), Dr. Chewlee Teo (National Institute of Education, Singapore). See the recording on Youtube:
Abstract: Education needs to prepare students for creative careers and productive lives in the 21st century. Research on creativity depicts it as a sustained social process for continual idea advancement, which goes beyond individual sparks of “Aha” insights. The sustained process is supported by creative social systems, in which ideas are continually contributed and built upon by interactive peers, leading to collective advances as well as progressive uncovering of deeper problems and higher goals. The sustained inquiry in each team is further supported by interactions across teams that work as a larger interconnected field. In this talk, I will review the components of real-world creative social systems and stimulate conversations about how we may develop a system of this kind in education with technology support. Using our Idea Thread Mapper (ITM) project as an example, I will discuss new technology and pedagogical designs to support sustained creative inquiry in interconnected classroom communities, which build on one another’s knowledge to investigate challenging problems.
This keynote was reviewed/highlighted by a number of articles:
We have recently upgraded Idea Thread Mapper (ITM) as a new generation collaborative platform to better organize and support student-driven knowledge building within each classroom as well as idea interaction across classrooms. ITM includes (a) spaces and tools for online discourse interaction through which students generate deepening questions and ideas; (b) features for inquiry structure creation and visualization to capture emerging inquiry directions and co-organize the online discourse accordingly; and (c) a cross-community space for students from different classrooms to view one another’s inquiry directions and progress and engage in “super talks” to discuss challenging issues across classrooms. The new ITM is being used by a network of Grade 5 classrooms to investigate core scientific issues and build deep knowledge. See more info here.